Consulting services

Rocktype provides a range of consulting services making use of our QEMSCAN data acquisition, including reservoir quality assessment, provenance studies and log calibration.

Reservoir quality

Understanding the mineralogy and pore space characteristics of reservoir rocks is vital in establishing the key controls on reservoir quality. Reproducible quantitative data collection and analysis are required to build predictive capability, essential to successful geological modelling and integration.

Rocktype has extensive experience providing reservoir quality assessment of clastic, carbonate and shale reservoirs.

Analytical techniques

We use a range of analytical techniques to provide detailed compositional and textural data for reservoir characterisation. Our primary tool is QEMSCAN® petrography which provides unified textural and compositional data. High resolution QEMSCAN 4 analysis (at 4 µm resolution) in particular provides mineral association data, which in turn gives a quantitative measure of  pore-lining phases.

For more specialised studies we can supplement QEMSCAN with:

  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Cathodoluminescence microscopy
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis
  • Electron microprobe analysis

Review of client data

Rocktype also conducts in-depth reservoir quality reviews using client-supplied data. We can integrate and analyse reservoir data to determine the reservoir characteristics of a unit and establish the key controls on reservoir quality. We can integrate a wide range of data, including: 

  • Core logs
  • Core analysis
  • Petrography
  • Facies
  • Wireline logs
  • Mercury injection capillary pressure (MICP)
  • Isotopes
  • Fluid inclusions

With a team of  data scientists and reservoir quality specialists, Rocktype can help you digitise, standardise and analyse your data to build an integrated model.

Our experience from exploration, production and technology teams at supermajor operators makes our geological team well qualified to assist clients in performing this important and complex work. 

Sediment provenance

Rocktype provides heavy mineral analysis and sediment provenance services in collaboration with our partners at HM Research Associates. 

Heavy minerals

The heavy mineral constituent of sandstone contains useful information about the provenance of sediments and diagenetic history as well as stratigraphy and reservoir quality.

The technique involves separating the heavy minerals from the bulk sand using a heavy liquid such as LST Fastfloat. The relative abundances of heavy mineral species are traditionally counted using a petrographic microscope but this can also be done with an automated mineralogy system like QEMSCAN. 

In addition to the mineral count data, we perform a statistical analysis of sample characteristics and sample populations. A geological sediment provenance report can also be provided.

Single species mineral analysis

Further information about the formation and history of a rock layer can be gained from detailed studies of individual mineral species. Garnet, tourmaline, rutile, zircon and feldspar are typically used in this way.

Sample preparation involves selecting individual grains of the correct species and size fraction from the bulk sand. 50 to 200 grains may be required, depending on the analysis being performed. These grains are then set in a sample puck using epoxy resin and polished with a diamond polisher to expose the interior of the grains.

Advanced instruments including electron microprobe, ion microprobe and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (LA-ICP-MS) are used to gather mineral chemistry or isotopic data from the sample. Finally statistical analysis is applied to describe the chemical composition or age distribution of the grains.

Quartz, feldspars, clays and micas can be removed from a QEMSCAN dataset, leaving just the heavy mineral fraction.

Quartz, feldspars, clays and micas can be removed from a QEMSCAN dataset, leaving just the heavy mineral fraction.

Kernel density estimate plot of the age distribution of 75 of 89 concordant dated zircon grains. 

Kernel density estimate plot of the age distribution of 75 of 89 concordant dated zircon grains. 

Example project

A reservoir development team needs a reservoir quality assessment based on existing petrography and core analysis data as well as a QEMSCAN 4 project delivered previously by Rocktype. 

Service Units @ Cost (£)
Reservoir quality assesment days 15 1 000 15 000
Reporting days 3 1 000 3 000
Project management days 1 1 000 1 000
Total cost 19 000